Spanish Course

The CLIPS Spanish Course includes over 225 grammar lessons with interactive exercises and helps and 45 mastery tests, designed to dynamically assess students' language and grammar mastery to help them learn in the most efficient way. The course features a Course Map that shows students their progress and highlights problem areas based on diagnostic test results, mastery test scores and lesson exercises. Lesson practice questions and tests dynamically assess students' mastery of particular concepts or skills with each question, so they spend no more time than necessary on any one subject.

Course Map

Below is the course map for the Spanish Course, showing each unit, chapter, lesson and chapter test in the course.

1. Nouns

1. GENDER OF NOUNS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. MASCULINE AND FEMININE LOOK-ALIKES WITH DIFFERENT MEANINGS 

 3. USE OF THE MASCULINE ARTICLE WITH FEMININE NOUNS 

 4. GRAMMATICAL GENDER  

 5. NATURAL GENDER 

2. SINGULAR / PLURAL

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. USES OF THE PLURAL IN SPANISH  

 3. FORMATION OF PLURALS 

3. NOMINALIZATION

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. USE OF VERBS AS NOUNS 

 3. NEUTER ARTICLE 

 4. DEFINITE OR INDEFINITE ARTICLES WITH ADJECTIVES 

2. Pronouns

1. SUBJECT PRONOUNS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. NEUTER/GENERAL SUBJECT PRONOUNS 

 3. USE OF SUBJECT PRONOUNS  

 4. FORMS AND POSITIONS OF SUBJECT PRONOUNS 

2. DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. NEUTER OBJECT PRONOUN LO  

 3. CLARIFICATION OR EMPHASIS  

 4. USE OF DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS  

 5. FORMS AND POSITION OF DIR. OBJECT PRONOUNS 

3. INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. DATIVE USE OF INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS 

 3. Redundant Use of Indirect Object Pronouns 

 4. USE OF INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS  

 5. FORMS AND POSITION OF INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS 

4. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. REFLEXIVES AND RECIPROCALS  

 3. REFLEXIVE PRONOUN USAGE  

 4. Forms and Position of Reflexive Pronouns 

5. Object of Preposition Pronouns

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. Exceptions (Entre, etc.) 

 3. FORMS OF PRONOUNS USED WITH PREPOSITIONS 

6. RELATIVE PRONOUNS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. THE RELATIVE PRONOUN CUYO  

 3. ADVERBS USED AS RELATIVES  

 4. THE RELATIVE PRONOUNS EL QUE, ETC. 

 5. THE RELATIVE PRONOUNS EL CUAL, ETC. 

 6. THE RELATIVE PRONOUN QUIEN 

 7. RELATIVE PRONOUNS WITH GENERAL ANTECEDENTS 

 8. THE RELATIVE PRONOUN QUE 

3. Modifiers

1. DEFINITE ARTICLES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. PARTS OF THE BODY, LANGUAGES, AND PLACES 

 3. DAYS OF THE WEEK, TIME, AND NUMBERS 

 4. WITH GENERIC OR ABSTRACT NOUNS 

 5. WITH TITLES 

2. INDEFINITE ARTICLES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. EQUIVALENTS OF ENGLISH EXCLAMATIONS. 

 3. WITH THE VERBS: TENER, HABER,EXISTIR AND THE PREPS.: SIN, CON, COMO,DE. 

 4. OMISSION OF: WITH MODIFIERS AND AS 

 5. WITH WORDS WHICH DENOTE AFFILIATION 

3. ADJECTIVES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. POSITION OF ADJECTIVES  

 3. APOCOPATION OF ADJECTIVES  

 4. ADJECTIVE FORMS 

4. ADVERBS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. OTHER TYPES OF ADVERBS  

 3. USE OF DESCRIPTIVE ADVERBS  

 4. FORMATION OF DESCRIPTIVE ADVERBS 

5. NEGATION

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. "DOUBLE NEGATIVE"  

 3. GENERAL NEGATION WITH NO 

6. PREPOSITIONS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. MISCELLANEOUS USES OF PREPOSITIONS 

 3. VERBS WHICH USUALLY DO NOT REQUIRE A PREPOSITION 

 4. VERBS REQUIRING A PREPOSITION BEFORE OTHER PARTS OF SPEECH 

 5. VERBS REQUIRING A PREPOSITION BEFORE AN INFINITIVE 

 6. PREPOSITIONS WITH SPECIAL OR EXTENDED MEANINGS 

7. POSSESSION

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS  

 3. POSSESSION WITH PARTS OF THE BODY AND CLOTHING 

 4. EMPHATIC POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES  

 5. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES  

 6. BASIC WAYS TO SHOW POSSESSION(USE OF DE) 

8. DEMONSTRATIVES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. DEFINITE ARTICLES USED AS DEMONSTRATIVES 

 3. NEUTER DEMONSTRATIVES  

 4. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS  

 5. DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES  

4. Basic Verb Tenses

1. PERSON/NUMBER AGREEMENT

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. THE SOY YO 

 3. COLLECTIVE NOUNS AS SUBJECTS  

 4. BASIC CONCEPT OF VERB CONJUGATION 

2. PRESENT TENSE

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. INSTEAD OF THE FUTURE  

 3. GENERAL USE OF THE PRESENT  

 4. IRREGULAR FORMS  

 5. STEM CHANGES  

 6. REGULAR FORMS 

3. PAST TENSES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. MISCELLANEOUS COMMENTS ON THE PRETERITE AND IMPERFECT  

 3. VERBAL ASPECT: PRETERITE OR IMPERFECT 

 4. IMPERFECT FORMS  

 5. STEM CHANGES IN THE PRETERITE  

 6. IRREGULAR PRETERITE FORMS  

 7. REGULAR PRETERITE FORMS 

4. FUTURE

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. SPECIAL USES OF THE FUTURE  

 3. USE OF THE FUTURE AND OTHER ALTERNATIVES  

 4. FORMATION OF THE FUTURE TENSE 

5. CONDITIONAL

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. EQUIVALENTS OF WOULD AND THE CONDITIONAL 

 3. CONDITIONAL FOR POLITENESS  

 4. CONDITIONAL FOR PROBABILITY 

 5. CONDITIONAL IN CONTRARY-TO-FACT SITUATIONS  

 6. FORMATION OF CONDITIONAL AND ITS USE IN THE PAST 

6. PRESENT PARTICIPLE/ PROGRESSIVE TENSE

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. OTHER USES OF THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE 

 3. THE PROGRESSIVE TENSES 

 4. FORMATION OF THE PRESENT 

 5. Other Progressive Tenses 

7. PAST PARTICIPLE/ COMPOUND TENSE

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. OTHER PERFECT TENSES  

 3. PLUPERFECT (PAST PERFECT)  

 4. PRESENT PERFECT 

 5. "ABSOLUTE" CONSTRUCTION WITH PAST PARTICIPLES 

 6. PAST PARTICIPLES AS ADJECTIVE OR VERB 

 7. FORMATION OF PAST PARTICIPLES 

5. Subjunctive Verbs

1. SUBJUNCTIVE FORMS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. BRIEF COMMENTS ON THE USE OF SUBJ. TENSES 

 3. PAST SUBJ. FOR COMPOUND TENSES 

 4. PAST SUBJUNCTIVE  

 5. PRESENT SUBJ. WITH SPELLING CHANGES 

 6. IRREGULAR VERBS  

 7. UNUSUAL FIRST PERSON VERBS  

 8. STEM-CHANGING EXCEPTIONS  

 9. REGULAR AND MOST STEM-CHANGING VERBS 

2. SUBJUNCTIVE WITH NOUN CLAUSES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. DEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH IMPERSONAL EXPRESSIONS 

 3. DEPENDENT CLAUSES WITH EMOTION, DENIAL, UNCERTAINTY, AND COMMANDS 

3. SUBJUNCTIVE WITH ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. Adjective Clauses with quiera, lo que, el que, etc. 

 3. ADJECTIVE CLAUSES WITH NON-EXISTENT OR NEGATIVE ANTECEDENTS  

 4. ADJECTIVE CLAUSES WITH INDEFINITE ANTECEDENTS 

4. SUBJUNCTIVE WITH CONJUNCTIONS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. ADVERBIAL CONJUNCTIONS WHICH SOMETIMES REQUIRE THE SUBJUNCTIVE 

 3. ADVERBIAL CONJUNCTIONS AND THE SUBJUNCTIVE 

5. MISCELLANEOUS SUBJUNCTIVE

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. SUBJUNCTIVE WITH POLITENESS 

 3. IDIOMATIC USES OF THE SUBJUNCTIVE 

 4. CERTAIN EXPRESSIONS WITH SUBJUNCTIVE 

6. FORMAL COMMANDS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. The NOSOTROS Commands 

 3. INDIRECT COMMANDS  

 4. Commands with Object Pronouns 

 5. Irregular USTED and USTEDES Forms 

 6. Regular USTED and USTEDES Forms 

7. FAMILIAR COMMANDS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. NEGATIVE VOSOTROS COMMANDS 

 3. AFFIRMATIVE VOSOTROS COMMANDS 

 4. NEGATIVE TU COMMANDS 

 5. Irregular Tu Affirmative Commands 

 6. REGULAR TU AFFIRMATIVE COMMANDS 

8. CONTRARY TO FACT

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. AS IF and AS Situations 

 3. SI AND RESULT CLAUSES IN CONTRARY-TO-FACT SITUATIONS 

6. Special Verb Uses

1. REFLEXIVES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. RECIPROCAL ACTIONS  

 3. USE OF THE REFLEXIVE TO CHANGE THE MEANING OR TO INTENSIFY  

 4. REFLEXIVE VERBS 

2. IMPERSONAL PASSIVE

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. IMPERSONAL PASSIVE WITH PERSONAL OBJECTS 

 3. IMPERSONAL PASSIVE WITH INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS 

 4. FORM AND USE OF IMPERSONAL PASSIVE. 

3. GUSTAR-TYPE VERBS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. OTHER GUSTAR-TYPE VERBS 

 3. GUSTAR AND THE BASIC CONSTRUCTION 

4. PASSIVE VOICE

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. USES OF PASSIVE 

 3. FORMATION OF REGULAR PASSIVE 

5. INFINITIVES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. INFINITIVES WITH VERBS OF PERCEPTION 

 3. INFINITIVES AFTER PREPOSITIONS  

 4. INFINITIVES AS SUBJECTS OR COMPLEMENTS 

6. IDIOMATIC VERB EXPRESSIONS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS WITH HACER 

 3. IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS WITH TENER 

 4. HAY QUE, TENER QUE, DEBER 

 5. USES OF HAY 

7. Miscellaneous

1. GENDER AGREEMENT

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. Review 

 2. Gender Agreement with Pronouns 

 3. Awareness of Gender with References 

2. PERSONAL A

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. USE BEFORE NON-PERSON OBJECTS  

 3. OMISSION BEFORE NONSPECIFIC OR UNIDENTIFIED PERSONS  

 4. USE BEFORE DEFINITE PERSONS 

3. POR / PARA

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. POR AND PARA DIFFERENCES 

 3. BASIC USES OF POR AND PARA 

4. SER / ESTAR

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. Miscellaneous Expressions with SER/ESTAR 

 3. SER or ESTAR with Participles 

 4. SER OR ESTAR WITH PLACES  

 5. SER or ESTAR with DE 

 6. SER or ESTAR with Adjectives 

 7. BASIC USE OF SER and ESTAR 

5. COMPARISONS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. COMPARISONS OF RATIO  

 3. COMPARISONS OF EQUALITY  

 4. SUPERLATIVES  

 5. COMPARISONS OF INEQUALITY 

6. INTERROGATIVES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1.REVIEW 

 2. ¿QUE ES? vs. ¿CUAL ES? 

 3. COMMON INTERROGATIVE ERRORS  

 4. BASIC WAYS TO ASK QUESTIONS 

7. DIMINUTIVES/ AUGMENTATIVES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. FORMATION AND USE OF AUGMENTATIVES 

 3. THE FORMATION AND USE OF DIMINUTIVES 

8. TIME

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. HOW TO SAY AGO 

 3. HACER AND OTHER WORDS WITH TIME  

 4. THE TIME OF DAY 

9. TRANSFER FROM ENGLISH

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. INCORRECT TRANSFER OR INVENTING OF NEW WORDS 

 3. TRANSFER OF IDIOMS  

 4. TRANSFER OF GRAMMATICAL PATTERNS 

10. WRITING IN SPANISH

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

 2. SPELLING  

 3. USE OF WRITTEN ACCENTS  

 4. SPANISH CAPITALIZATION  

 5. SPANISH PUNCTUATION 

11. MISCELLANEOUS

1&test=testprogress.php T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW 

 2. NUMBERS 

 3. USE OF qMISMO 

 4. USE OF SINO 

 5. INTENSIFIERS AND EMPHATIC FORMS 

 6. ALTERNATE FORMS OF Y AND O 

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Course Components

  • Lesson Rules

    Each lesson contains a grammar explanation called a "rule" that clearly explains the concept to be learned. Many rules also include different explanations geared toward students with more or less familiarity with the concepts being taught (called "easy," "medium" and "hard" rules) along with a rule "help" that provides further explanation and additional examples.
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  • Examples

    Most lessons contain at least as many unique example sentences as lesson questions, to reinforce the grammar concept being taught. A "help" explanation for each example sentence is provided as described below.
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  • Questions

    The questions in each lesson are drawn from a large pool of questions, but the number of questions a student must answer correctly in order to pass the lesson dynamically adjusts based on the student's performance in order to assure mastery of the concept. For example, each lesson will require the student to answer a pre-defined minimum number of questions (say 10), but if the percentage of questions the student answers correctly in the pre-defined minimum does not demonstrate mastery of the concept (say 85% correct), additional questions from the pool are added until the student reaches the necessary percentage correct in order to pass the lesson. In many cases, the questions are specifically programmed to give the student individualized feedback when they miss a question that indicates if they made a common or recognizable mistake, helping them better learn as they go through the questions. Finally, a "help" explanation for each question is provided as described below.
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  • Example and Question Helps

    A "help" explanation for each example sentence and each question provides an explicit discussion of the way in which the rule applies to the example sentence or question at hand.
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  • Lesson Tests

    Lesson tests are designed to test students on all of the concepts covered in the individual segments of each lesson. Unlike the lesson questions, the correct responses are not revealed until after the test has been completed and the student has either passed or failed the test. If the student fails the test, the individual lesson segments that relate to the test will be marked as "failed" and have to be passed before the student is allowed to take the test again. However, if the student passes the test before completing any of the lesson segments, the lesson segments will be marked as "passed," and the student will not have to complete them.
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