English as a Second Language Course

The CLIPS English as a Second Language Course includes over 230 grammar lessons with interactive exercises and helps and 45 mastery tests, designed to dynamically assess students' language and grammar mastery to help them learn in the most efficient way. Each course features a Course Map that shows students their progress and highlights problem areas based on diagnostic test results, mastery test scores and lesson exercises. Lesson practice questions and tests dynamically assess students' mastery of particular concepts or skills with each question, so they spend no more time than necessary on any one subject.

Course Map

Below is the course map for the English as a Second Language Course, showing each unit, chapter, lesson and chapter test in the course.

VERBS

RECOGNIZING SIMPLE PRESENT VERBS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. THE SUBJECT AND THE PREDICATE 

 2. THE BASIC VERB FORM 

 3. PRESENT TENSE-S FORMS 

 4. TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE 

 5. REVIEW  

THE REGULAR PAST TENSE

 1. THE REGULAR PAST TENSE 

BE

 1. RECOGNIZING "BE"  

 2. AUXILIARY OR MAIN VERB? 

 3. USING "BE"  

HAVE

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. IDENTIFYING "HAVE"  

 2. USING "HAVE"  

SPECIAL VERBS

 1. LEND VS. BORROW  

 2. BRING, TAKE, CARRY, GET 

 3. TEACH VS. LEARN  

 4. MAKE VS. DO  

 5. SAY, TELL, SPEAK, TALK 

IRREGULAR VERBS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. IRREGULAR VERBS  

 2. IRREGULAR VERBS  

 3. THE VERY IRREGULAR VERBS  

 4. TIC-TAC-TOE WITH IRREGULAR VERBS 

 5. REVIEW  

MODALS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. RECOGNIZING MODALS 

 2. MODALS OF "PROBABILITY" 

 3. MODALS OF PERMISSION AND POLITE REQUEST 

 4. MODALS OF ABILITY AND POSSIBILITY 

 5. MODALS OF SUGGESTION, ADVISIBILITY, NECESSITY, and EXPECTATION 

 6. MODALS TO EXPRESS PROHIBITION, REPEATED PAST ACTION, AND PREFERENCE 

 7. MODALS OF WILLINGNESS, DETERMINATION and PLANS 

 8. REVIEW OF THE MODALS 

CONTRACTIONS

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. INTRODUCTION TO CONTRACTIONS  

 2. CONTRACTIONS WITH NOT  

 3. CONTRACTIONS WITH PRONOUN SUBJECT  

 4. REVIEW  

NOUNS

PROPER NOUNS, COMMON NOUNS, AND POSSESSIVES

 T. Lesson Test 

 1. WHAT IS A NOUN?  

 2. COMMON AND PROPER NOUNS  

 3. POSSESSIVE NOUNS  

 4. REVIEW OF PROPER, COMMMON, AND POSSESSIVE NOUNS  

COUNT AND NON COUNT NOUNS

 1. COUNT AND NON COUNT NOUNS  

INDIRECT AND DIRECT OBJECTS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECTS  

 2. INDIRECT OBJECTS AND PREPOSITIONS 

 3. REVIEW 

NOUN PHRASES

 1. NOUN PHRASES  

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT

T. Lesson Test 

 1. NUMBER-SINGULAR AND PLURAL 

 2. PERSON - I, YOU, HE, SHE, ETC. 

 3. AGREEMENT WITH MAIN VERBS 

 4. AGREEMENT WITH MODALS 

 5. AGREEMENT WITH BE VERBS 

 6. SUBJECTS WITH AND, OR, NOR, OR BUT 

 7. VERBS WITH AND, OR, NOR, BUT 

 8. SUBJECT+OTHER WORDS+VERB 

 9. HERE AND THERE SENTENCES 

 10. WHO, WHICH AND THAT AS SUBJECTS 

 11. INDEFINITE PRONOUN SUBJECTS 

 12. COLLECTIVE NOUNS AS SUBJECTS 

 13. PHRASES OR CLAUSES AS SUBJECTS 

 14. SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT  

PRONOUNS

PRONOUN CASE AND IDENTIFICATION

T. Lesson Test 

 1. AN OVERVIEW OF PRONOUNS  

 2. PERSON, NUMBER, AND GENDER  

 3. SUBJECTIVE CASE  

 4. OBJECTIVE CASE  

 5. POSSESSIVE CASE  

 6. FORMAL VS. INFORMAL -WHO, WHOM, WHOSE 

 7. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS  

 8. REVIEW  

ARTICLES

ARTICLES

T. Lesson Test 

 1. THE ARTICLE FORMS OVERVIEW 

 2. THE DEFINITE ARTICLE FORM 

 3. INDEFINITE ARTICLE FORMS 

 7. THIS IS THE PLACE 

ADJECTIVES

ADJECTIVE MODIFIERS OF NOUNS

 1. ADJECTIVES 

 2. DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES 

 3. COMPOUND DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES  

 4. ADJECTIVES - COMMON ENDINGS ADDED TO NOUNS 

 5. ADJECTIVES - COMMON ENDINGS ADDED TO VERBS 

ADJECTIVE MODIFIERS

 1. COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES 

 2. SUPERLATIVE FORMS 

 3. CORRECT SPELLING 

ADVERBS

ADVERBS OF PLACE

 1. ADVERBS OF PLACE AND WHERE THEY GO? 

ADVERBS OF TIME

 1. ADVERBS OF TIME 

 2. ADVERBS OF TIME IN SENTENCES 

ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY

 1. ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY 

ADVERBS OF MANNER

 1. ADVERBS OF MANNER 

 2. MAKING ADVERBS OF MANNER 

PREPOSITIONS

SINGLE WORD PREPOSITIONS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. INTRODUCTION TO PREPOSITIONS 

 2. ON, OFF, IN, OUT 

 3. ALONG, ACROSS, THROUGH 

 4. UP, DOWN, ABOVE, BELOW, OVER, UNDER 

 5. BEFORE, AFTER, BETWEEN, BEHIND 

 6. BY, WITH 

 7. ABOUT, AROUND 

 8. DURING, THROUGH 

 9. AT, TO, FOR, FROM 

 10. OF, FROM 

 11. REVIEW OF SINGLE WORD PREPOSITIONS 

PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES

 1. PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES AND OBJECTS 

VERBS

PROGRESSIVE AND SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

T. Lesson Test 

 1. RECOGNIZING THE PRESENT TENSES 

 2. SIMPLE PRESENT VS. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE PART A  

 3. SIMPLE PRESENT VS. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE PART B 

 4. STATIVE VERBS 

 6. USING SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE AND PRESENT PROGRESSIVE 

SIMPLE PAST AND PRESENT PERFECT

T. Lesson Test 

 1. IRREGULAR VERBS LIST A 

 2. IRREGULAR VERBS LIST B 

 3. IRREGULAR VERBS LIST C 

 4. IRREGULAR VERBS LIST D 

 5. IRREGULAR VERBS LIST E 

 6. IRREGULAR VERBS LIST F 

 7. VERBS - REGULAR OR IRREGULAR? 

 8. IRREGULAR VERB REVIEW 

 9. BASIC VERB FORMS 

 10. USING SIMPLE PAST AND PRESENT PERFECT  

PRONOUNS

DEMONSTRATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE PRONOUNS

 1. DEMONSTRATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE PRONOUNS  

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. SOME, ANY, NO, EVERY (AS PREFIXES) 

 2. NONE, ANOTHER, BOTH, OTHER  

 3. REVIEW OF INDEFINITE RONOUNS 

UNCLEAR PRONOUN USAGE

T. Lesson Test 

 1. CORRECT THE UNCLEAR PRONOUNS 

 2. REVIEW OF UNCLEAR PRONOUNS 

THE DETERMINER SYSTEM

DEMONSTRATIVES

T. Lesson Test 

 1. ALL ABOUT DEMONSTRATIVES  

CARDINALS AND ORDINALS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. MAKE THE CARDINALS AND ORDINALS COUNT 

QUANTIFIERS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. WHAT IS A QUANTIFIER?  

 2. USING SOME AND ANY  

 3. USING MUCH, MANY AND THEIR SUBSTITUTES  

 4. ANY AND NO IN NEGATIVE SENTENCES  

 5. A LITTLE, A FEW, AND FEW  

 6. COUNTING AND NON-COUNT NOUNS 

 7. REVIEW OF QUANTIFIERS  

ADJECTIVES

ADJECTIVE MODIFIERS OF NOUNS

 1. POSSESSIVES AND WH- WORDS AS ADJECTIVES 

ADJECTIVE MODIFIERS

 1. EXCEPTIONS  

PARTICIPLES AS ADJECTIVES

 1. ADJECTIVES DERIVED FROM -ING, -ED, AND -EN VERBS 

ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

 1. WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE CLAUSE?  

 2. IDENTIFIYING OR NOT 

 3. WHO, WHOM or THAT 

 4. WHICH OR THAT 

 5. WHOSE  

 6. WHEN AND WHERE  

ADVERBS

ADVERBS OF TIME

T. Lesson Test 

 1. SPECIAL ADVERBS OF TIME  

 2. THE ADVERBS OF TIME REVIEW  

ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY

T. Lesson Test 

 1. WHERE DO ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY GO? 

ADVERBS OF MANNER

T. Lesson Test 

 1. WATCH YOUR ADVERBS OF MANNER 

INTENSIFIERS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. FUNCTIONS OF INTENSIFIERS  

 2. MEANINGS OF INTENSIFIERS  

 3. PLACEMENT OF INTENSIFIERS  

 4. REVIEW OF INTENSIFIERS  

SENTENCE ADVERBS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. HOW TO IDENTIFY SENTENCE ADVERBS  

 2. WHAT SENTENCE ADVERBS DO  

 3. ADVERBS THAT CONNECT  

ADVERB PLACEMENT

T. Lesson Test 

 1. REVIEW  

CONJUNCTIONS

COORDINATE AND SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. COORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS  

 2. SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS  

 3. REVIEW  

SENTENCE TYPES

DECLARATIVES

 1. DECLARATIVE SENTENCES  

IMPERATIVES

T. Lesson Test 

 1. INTRODUCTION TO IMPERATIVES 

 2. MORE ON IMPERATIVES  

 3. REVIEW OF IMPERATIVES  

NEGATION

T. Lesson Test 

 1. NEGATION WITH NOT  

 2. NEGATION ADVERBS, ADJECTIVES, AND NEGATIVE WORDS 

 3. NEGATIVE PREFIXES  

 4. REVIEW  

TAG QUESTIONS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. WHAT IS A TAG QUESTION?  

 2. POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE TAG QUESTIONS 

 3. PRONOUNS IN TAG QUESTIONS  

 4. INTONATION  

 5. REVIEW OF TAG QUESTIONS  

INTERROGATIVE

T. Lesson Test 

 1. INTRODUCTION TO INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES  

 2. YES/NO QUESTIONS  

 3. WH- OR INTERROGATIVE WORD QUESTIONS 

 4. ALTERNATIVE QUESTIONS  

 5. REVIEW OF INTERROGATIVE QUESTIONS 

DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH

T. Lesson Test 

 1. DIRECT AND INDIRECT SENTENCES  

 2. INDIRECT QUESTIONS  

 3. INDIRECT IMPERATIVES  

 4. DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH REVIEW  

EXCLAMATORY

 1. EXCLAMATORY SENTENCES  

SENTENCE SENSE

COMPOUND SENTENCES

 1. COMPOUND SENTENCES  

COMPLEX SENTENCES

 1. COMPLEX SENTENCES  

CAPITALIZATION

T. Lesson Test 

 1. THREE EASY CAPITALIZATION RULES 

 2. CAPITALIZING PROPER NOUNS  

 3. CAPITALIZATION REVIEW  

PUNCTUATION

T. Lesson Test 

 1. NUMBERS  

 2. INTRODUCTORY PHRASES  

 3. APOSTROPHES  

 4. DATES, TITLES, ADDRESSES, AND TIME 

 5. TITLES OF PUBLICATIONS  

 6. DIRECT QUOTATIONS  

 7. REVIEW OF PUNCTUATION  

SURROGATE IT, THERE, AND HERE

T. Lesson Test 

 1. SURROGATE IT  

 2. SURROGATE THERE AND HERE  

 3. SURROGATES  

VERBALS

INFINITIVES, GERUNDS, AND PARTICIPLES

T. Lesson Test 

 1. IDENTIFYING INFINITIVES, GERUNDS, AND PARTICIPLES 

 2. INFINTIVES AND GERUNDS AS SUBJECTS AND PREDICATES 

 3. INFINTIVES AND GERUNDS AS OBJECTS 

 4. INFINITIVES AND GERUNDS WITH PREPOSITIONS 

 5. MODIFYING NOUNS 

 6. MODIFYING VERBS 

VERBS II

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD

T. Lesson Test 

 1. USING THE BASE FORM OF THE VERB FOR SUBJUNCTIVE 

THE DETERMINER SYSTEM

More Determiners

T. Lesson Test 

 1. More Determiners 

 2. REVIEW OF DETERMINERS  

ADJECTIVES

ADJECTIVE MODIFIERS OF NOUNS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. ADJECTIVE ORDERING  

 2. REVIEW OF ADJECTIVES  

ADJECTIVE MODIFIERS

T. Lesson Test 

 1. OPTIONAL SEGMENT ON VARIED USES 

 2. REVIEW OF COMPARISON ADJECTIVES 

ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

T. Lesson Test 

 1. SENTENCE COMBINING  

APPOSITIVES and REDUCED ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

T. Lesson Test 

 1. APPOSITIVES and REDUCED ADJECTIVE CLAUSES 

 2. MORE COMPLICATED ADJECTIVE PHRASES 

 4. REVIEW OF APPOSITIVES  

SENTENCE TYPES

ACTIVE and PASSIVE SENTENCES

T. Lesson Test 

 1 IDENTIFYING ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE 

 2 PASSIVE VOICE: EFFECTIVE OR INEFFECTIVE? 

PASSIVE SENTENCES

T. Lesson Test 

 1. IDENTIFYING THE PASSIVE VOICE  

 2. HOW TO FORM PASSIVE SENTENCES  

SENTENCE SENSE

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

2 T. Lesson Test 

 1. RECOGNIZING CONDITIONAL SENTENCES  

SENTENCE SENSE

2 T. Lesson Test 

 1. SENTENCE FRAGMENTS  

 2. SPLICED, FUSED, AND RUN-ON SENTENCES 

 3. REVIEW  

SPELLING

PLURALS

2 T. Lesson Test 

 1. PLURALS  

 2. COMPOUND NOUNS  

 3. NOUNS ENDING IN O 

 4. NOUNS ENDING IN F, FF, FE 

 5. SPECIAL PLURALS  

 6. NOUNS ENDING IN Y  

 7. ES PLURALS  

 8. S PLURALS  

ADDING PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

 1 PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES  

 2 DOUBLING FINAL CONSONANTS  

 3 ADDING SUFFIXES TO WORDS ENDING IN -E  

 4 ADDING SUFFIXES TO WORDS ENDING IN -Y 

MORE SUFFIXES

 1 ABLE/IBLE ENDINGS  

 2 ANT/ENT ENDINGS  

 3 ANCE/ENCE ENDINGS  

 4 IZE/ISE/YZE ENDINGS  

 5 ARY/ERY ENDINGS  

 6 TION/CIAN/SION ENDINGS  

WORDS NOT SPELLED AS THEY SOUND

 1. SOME DIFFICULT WORDS TO SPELL  

 2. SPELLING WORDS WITH COMMONLY ADDED LETTERS OR COMMONLY DROPPED LETTERS  

 3. SPELLING WORDS WITH SILENT LETTERS 

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Course Components

  • Lesson Rules

    Each lesson contains a grammar explanation called a "rule" that clearly explains the concept to be learned. Many rules also include different explanations geared toward students with more or less familiarity with the concepts being taught (called "easy," "medium" and "hard" rules) along with a rule "help" that provides further explanation and additional examples.
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  • Examples

    Most lessons contain at least as many unique example sentences as lesson questions, to reinforce the grammar concept being taught. A "help" explanation for each example sentence is provided as described below.
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  • Questions

    The questions in each lesson are drawn from a large pool of questions, but the number of questions a student must answer correctly in order to pass the lesson dynamically adjusts based on the student's performance in order to assure mastery of the concept. For example, each lesson will require the student to answer a pre-defined minimum number of questions (say 10), but if the percentage of questions the student answers correctly in the pre-defined minimum does not demonstrate mastery of the concept (say 85% correct), additional questions from the pool are added until the student reaches the necessary percentage correct in order to pass the lesson. In many cases, the questions are specifically programmed to give the student individualized feedback when they miss a question that indicates if they made a common or recognizable mistake, helping them better learn as they go through the questions. Finally, a "help" explanation for each question is provided as described below.
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  • Example and Question Helps

    A "help" explanation for each example sentence and each question provides an explicit discussion of the way in which the rule applies to the example sentence or question at hand.
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  • Lesson Tests

    Lesson tests are designed to test students on all of the concepts covered in the individual segments of each lesson. Unlike the lesson questions, the correct responses are not revealed until after the test has been completed and the student has either passed or failed the test. If the student fails the test, the individual lesson segments that relate to the test will be marked as "failed" and have to be passed before the student is allowed to take the test again. However, if the student passes the test before completing any of the lesson segments, the lesson segments will be marked as "passed," and the student will not have to complete them.
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